Upeneus francisi, a new goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) from Norfolk Island and New Zealand

Randall J.E., Guezé P.

Published date: February 1992
Volume: 16
Number: 1
Pagination: 021-029
Publisher: Société Française d'Ichtyologie
doi: https://doi.org/10.26028/cybium/1992-161-003

The mulled fish Upeneus francisi is described as a new species from Norfolk Island and New Zealand from specimens collected in the depth range of 1.5-20 m. Underwater photographs taken in the Kermadec Islands indicate its probable presence at these islands. U. francisi is distinct in having VII spines in the first dorsal fin, the first spine 1.6-1.75 in head, 14 (rarely 15) pectoral rays, 30-33 gill rakers, head length 3.05-3.35 in SL, barbells 1.35-1.65 in head, upper lobe of caudal fin with four narrow dark cross bars, and the lower lobe of caudal fin with a broad dusky longitudinal band, the lower edge of fin with about six small dark spots (dark markings on caudal fin dull orange in life). The closest relatives of U. francisi appear to be U. bensasi described from Japan and China, which differs in having 23-27 gill rakers, a shorter head, and a longer first dorsal spine, and U. pori from the Red Sea which has 2529 gill rakers, an even shorter head, and reddish spots which extend onto the lower side of the body.

Keywords: Mullidae - New species - New Zealand - Norfolk Island - PSE - Upeneus francisi
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